Thyroid Cancer in Australians

Thyroid Cancer in Australians

Although the rising incidences of Cancer are well recorded, information on thyroid cancer is not often in the papers. In 2012, thyroid cancer was estimated to account for 2,100 disability adjusted life years (DALYs) in Australians. Of these, 1,200 were years lost due to premature death and 880 were years of healthy life lost due to disease, disability or injury. This shows how many Australians are being affected by this one type of thyroid condition. To learn more about other thyroid conditions click here.

Thyroid cancer is more common in women: In 2009, the age-standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer was 13.5 cases per 100,000 women, compared with 4.5 cases per 100,000 men. This means that there were 2,039 new cases of thyroid cancer in Australia. This was a total of 503 new cases in men and 1,536 new cases in women. To learn about why Thyroid conditions are more common in women, click here.

In that same year, the average age of thyroid cancer diagnosis was 51 years, and the risk of developing thyroid cancer before the age of 85 was 1 in 117. But in the 27 years prior to that (so that’s between 1982 and 2009) the standard incidence rate for thyroid cancer increased from 2.7 to 9.1 cases per 100,000 people. Find out which crucial thyroid nutrient has decreased in our soils during this time.

Relative survival rates for thyroid cancer have increased in recent years in Australia. Between the periods 1982–1987 and 2006–2010, five-year relative survival increased from 83.5 per cent to 95.8 per cent.

References

  1. National Cancer Institute. Thyroid cancer treatment (PDQ) – patient version. Available from http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/thyroid/Patient. [Accessed July 2012].
  2. Brennan M, French J. Thyroid lumps and bumps. Australian Family Physician 2007; 36(7): 531–536.
  3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare & Australasian Association of Cancer Registries 2012. Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2012. Cancer series no. 74. Cat. no. CAN 70. Canberra: AIHW.
  4. Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality (ACIM) Books – Thyroid cancer for Australia (ICD10 C73). http://www.aihw.gov.au/acim-books/ [Accessed March 2013].
  5. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2012. Cancer survival and prevalence in Australia: period estimates from 1982 to 2010. Cancer Series no. 69. Cat. no. CAN 65. Canberra: AIHW

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Article excerpts

  1. In 2012, thyroid cancer was estimated to account for 2,100 disability adjusted life years
  2. Thyroid cancer is more common in women: In 2009, the age-standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer was 13.5 cases per 100,000 women, compared with 4.5 cases per 100,000 men
  3. Relative survival rates for thyroid cancer have increased in recent years in Australia.